Discourse and Knowledge

Discourse and Knowledge

This multidisciplinary project systematically investigates the relations between discourse and knowledge.

Firstly, the epistemological foundation of the project consists of a new definition of knowledge in terms of belief consensus in epistemic communities and knowledge attribution in discursive contexts.

Secondly, the cognitive theory focuses on a typology of knowledge and on the strategies of the acquisition, activation, application and change of knowledge in text processing.

It is investigated whether and how knowledge management in text processing is controlled by a special knowledge device in the mental context models of the speech participants (see the Project on Context).

Thirdly, the linguistic and discourse analytical part of the project investigates the structures and strategies at all levels of text and talk, especially those of local and global meaning, that manifest these forms knowledge management: (in) definiteness, give-new and topic-comment relations, presuppositions, implications, evidentiality, etc.

Fourthly, if knowledge is defined as a form of social cognition, also the social dimension of knowledge management is investigated, especially for public discourse in education, science and the media, involving both interactional and institutional aspects of knowledge distribution as well as strategies of power and legitimization.

Finally, the cultural aspects of the relations between discourse and knowledge are investigated, such as the notion of (cultural) Common Ground as the basis of all (discourse) comprehension and interaction in given cultures — defined as epistemic communities.


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Books Discourse and Knowledge

Discourse and knowledge

A sociocognitive approach. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Spanish translation

Discurso y Conocimiento.

Barcelona: Gedisa, 2016

Articles Discourse and Knowledge

Knowledge frames, macrostructures and discourse comprehension.

Paper 12th Carnegie-Mellon Symposium on Cognition, Pittsburgh, 1976.
In: M. Just & P. Carpenter, (Eds.) Cognitive Processes in Comprehension.
Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1977, 3-32.

Context and cognition.

Knowledge frames and speech act comprehension.
Journal of Pragmatics 1, 1977, 211-232.

Types of knowledge in discourse processing.

Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 2001.

Spanish version

Lingüística e Interdisciplinariedad: Desafíos del nuevo milenio.

Spanish version in Giovanni Parodi (Ed.), Ensayos en honor a Marianne Peronard.
(pp. 43-66). Valparaíso: Editorial Universitaria de Valparaíso, 2002.

Knowledge and News

Revista Canaria e Estudios Ingleses 49, noviembre 2004, pp. 71-86.

Spanish version

El conocimiento y las noticias.

En: J. V. Gavaldà, C. Gregori Signes, & R. X. Rosselló Ivars (Eds.), La cultura mediàtica. Modes de representació i estratègies discursives. (pp. 249-269). Universitat de València, Facultat de Filologia, 2002.

The Discourse-Knowledge Interface.

In Gilbert Weiss & Ruth Wodak (Eds.),
Critical Discourse Analysis.
Theory and Interdisciplinarity. (pp. 85-109). Houndsmills, UK: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2003.

Conocimiento, elaboración del discurso y educación

Escribanía 8 (enero-junio, 2002), pp. 5-22. Universidad de Manizales, Colombia.

Towards a Theory of Context and Experience Models in Discourse Processing.

In Herre van Oostendorp & Susan Goldman (Eds.), The construction of mental representations during reading. (pp. 123-148).
Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1999.

Discourse, knowledge and ideology

In Martin Pütz, JoAnne Neff & Teun A. van Dijk (Eds.), Communicating Ideologies. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Language, Discourse and Social Practice. (pp. 5-38). Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 2004.

Knowledge in parlamentary debates.

Journal of Language and Politics , 2(2003), 93-129.
Special issue on identity politics. Ed. by Paul Chilton.

Contextual knowledge management in discourse production

A CDA perspective. In Ruth Wodak and Paul Chilton (Eds.),
A New Agenda in (Critical) Discourse Analysis. (pp. 71-100)
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2005.

Specialized discourse and knowledge.

A case study of the discourse of modern genetics.
En E. M. Morato, A. C. Bentes & M. L. Cunha Lima (Eds.), Homenagem a Ingedore Koch.
Cadernos de Estudos Lingüisticos 44, Unicamp, Campinas, Brasil,
2003, pp. 21-56.

Some Observations on the Role of Knowledge in Discourse Processing

In Trends and Directions. Proceedings of the 12th English in Southeast Asia Conference, December 12-14, 2007. (pp. 89-102).
Bangkok: School of Liberal Arts, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, 2008.
Also in Árboles y Rizomas Vol. I, Nº 1 (enero-junio, 2019):
4-21 Universidad de Santiago de Chile, ISSN 0719-9805.

Discourse and knowledge.

In James Paul Gee & Michael Handford (Eds.), Handbook of Discourse Analysis. (pp. 587-603). London: Routledge, 2012.

Discourse, knowledge, power and politics

Towards Critical Epistemic Discourse Analysis.
In Christopher Hart (Ed.), Critical Discourse Studies in Context and Cognition.
(pp. 27-63). Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2011

Spanish version

Hacia el análisis crítico epistémico del discurso.

in Revista de Investigación Lingüística (Murcia, Spain), 13(2010), 167.

Text, context and knowledge


Partial French version

Revue de sémio-linguistique des textes et discours

Published in Semen. Revue de sémio-linguistique des textes et discours, 27 (avril, 2009), pp. 127-155.

Popularization discourse and knowledge about the genome.

Discourse & Society, 15(4), 369-389 (with Helena Calsamiglia as first author).

Knowledge and discourse in secondary school social science textbooks.

Discourse Studies, 13(1), 93-118, 2011. (with Encarna Atienza, as first author).

Discourse and the Production of Knowledge.

In Norbert M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. (pp. 1001-1006). Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.

Portuguese version

Discurso e produção de conhecimento

in Beth Brait & Maria Cecilia Souza-e-Silva (Eds), Texto ou Discurso. (pp. 257-268).
São Paulo: Contexto, 2012.

Knowledge, Discourse and Domination

In Michael Meeuwis & Jan-Ola Östman (Eds.), Pragmaticizing Understanding.
Studies for Jef Verschueren. (pp. 151-196).
Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2012.